Soldier George Deppe injured his lower back in battle, in this wound to his lower back he developed what is known today as a “ Fistula” of the Colon and lived with this for 14 Years.
Queen Caroline of Ansbach had the first “Royal Stoma” She died after 7 days due to complications of a hernia caused by a twisted intestine.
73 Year old “Margaret White” had 55cm of dead intestine removed by “Cheselden” who then left a small piece of intestine hanging from the abdomen wall, unfortunately we cannot tell whether this was a colostomy or ileostomy but despite the poor hygiene conditions in the hospital she lived for many years.
French Surgeon “M Pillore” performed the first successful colostomy for Mrs Morel due to a malignant tumour in the rectum. The opening of the stoma was made in the appendix and a sponge held in place with an elastic band was used to collect faeces from the colostomy.
French Surgeon “Duret” performed a colostomy on a baby born without an anus. Although the baby was very ill before the surgery he recovered and lived for 43 Years with a stoma.
Professor Fine of Geneva created the first double ended colostomy in a 63 year old woman; unfortunately she died after 5 months.
The first British surgeon George Freer created a stoma on a baby with an imperfect anus unfortunately the baby only lived a few weeks.
British Surgeon “Daniel Pring” Operated on a “Mrs White” her operation and complicated recovery and was the first documented post operative report of stoma complications.
French surgeon Henri Albert Hartmann performed the first of what is known as the “Hartmann’s procedure” and now one of the most commonly performed operations.
The ileostomy is much newer technology and was realised that it could be an effective treatment for server ulcerative colitis and chrons which requires the removal of part or the entire colon this is called a “Colectomie”
Around 1950 Anaesthesia and postoperative care improved the colectomie and ileostomy accepted as general surgery.
With the safety of surgery and the ability to care for people that have just been operated on, the construction of a stoma is now seen as routine and a relatively low risk procedure.
The first continent intestinal reservoir or Kock pouch was pioneered in by Swedish surgeon Dr Nils Kock.